Ankara: The Turkish parliament has ratified Finland’s application to join NATO, lifting the last hurdle in the way of the Nordic country’s long-delayed accession into the Western military alliance.
All 276 MPs present voted in favour of Finland’s bid, days after Hungarian parliament endorsed Helsinki’s accession.
“This will make the whole NATO family stronger & safer,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg wrote on Twitter in welcoming Turkey’s action.
Alarmed by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine a year ago, Finland and Sweden abandoned their decades-long policy of non-alignment and applied to join the alliance.
Full unanimity is required to admit new members into the 30-member alliance, and Turkey and Hungary were the last two NATO members holding out ratification of Finland’s accession.
The accession of Finland, which has a 1340-kilometre border with Russia, has geographic and political importance for NATO, said Mai’a Cross, professor of political science at Northeastern University.
The flag of Finland will soon join those of NATO member countries flap in the wind outside the organisation’s headquarters in Brussels.Credit:AP
“Finland is at a very important strategic location and having that kind of shift from neutrality to respond to Russia’s aggression is bolstering the demonstration of the political will of NATO,” she said adding the delay gave Finland more of a chance to prepare.
“Finland is already sitting in the meetings with NATO. It’s already revamping its armed forces,” she said. “So when it steps into NATO formally, it can actually hit the ground running.”
The country goes to the pools on April 2.
In a poll published on Tuesday, the right-wing opposition National Coalition Party held a narrow lead among voters with 20.8 per cent, while the Finns Party and Prime Minister Sanna Marin’s Social Democrats shared second place, both at 19.3 per cent.
Prime Minister Sanna Marin, centre, attends a pre-election debate in Helsinki on Thursday. The country goes to the polls on Sunday.Credit:AP
The Finns Party maintains an exit from the EU as its long-term goal but its leader Riikka Purra does not actively pursue it as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to a rise in public support for Finland’s ongoing membership of the bloc.
Sweden’s bid to join NATO, meanwhile, has been left hanging, with both Turkey and Hungary holding out on giving it the green light despite expressing support for NATO’s expansion.
Turkey’s government accuses Sweden of being too lenient towards groups it deems to be terrorist organisations and security threats, including militant Kurdish groups and people it says are associated with a 2016 coup attempt.
More recently, Turkey was angered by a series of demonstrations in Sweden, including a protest by an anti-Islam activist who burned the Quran outside the Turkish Embassy.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is holding out approval for Sweden to join NATO.Credit:AP
Hungary’s government contends some Swedish politicians have made derisive statements about the condition of its democracy and played an active role in ensuring that billions in European Union funds were frozen over alleged rule-of-law and democracy violations.
Turkish officials have said that unlike Sweden, Finland fulfilled its obligations under a memorandum signed last year under which the two countries pledged to address Turkey’s security concerns.
“As a NATO member, we naturally had some expectations and requests regarding the security concerns of our country,” Akif Cagatay Kilic, a legislator from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s governing party, told parliament before the vote. “I would like to underline the concrete steps and their implementation by Finland, which supported and shaped the decision we are taking here.”
Kilic added: “I’m aware that there is a large number of people watching us from Finland. … We can say to them: ‘Welcome to NATO’.”
Some opposition parties were critical of the Turkish government’s position towards the two Nordic countries.
“Unfortunately, [Erdogan’s ruling party] turned the right to veto Finland and Sweden’s membership bids into a tool for blackmail and threat. We do not approve of it,” said Hisyar Ozsoy, a legislator from the pro-Kurdish party. “We find the bargaining process [to press for] the extradition of Kurdish dissident writers, politicians and journalists … to be ugly, wrong and unlawful.”
For NATO, Finland’s ratification marks one of the swiftest accessions in history, sealing membership in less than a year since the two Nordic countries applied last May. North Macedonia was last to join the alliance, a process that took two decades. Along with Sweden, other countries, including Ukraine and Georgia, are also left waiting at NATO’s door.
Asked earlier this week about Sweden’s NATO membership, Erdogan told reporters: “There are certain things we expect of them. They must be fulfilled first.”
Sweden, which made constitutional changes to pass tougher anti-terrorism laws, has expressed hope that it will be able to join before NATO’s July summit in Vilnius, Lithuania.
“Sweden faces more significant obstacles in its bid,” Hamish Kinnear, Middle East and North Africa analyst at the risk intelligence company Verisk Maplecroft, said.
“Turkey is unlikely to approve its acceptance into the alliance before the election in May. The Koran burning incident sparked popular rage in Turkey and President Tayyip Recep Erdogan won’t want to risk angering his conservative base ahead of the polls,” Kinnear said.
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