Taipei: A high-tech Chinese surveillance vessel docked yesterday in Sri Lanka despite concerns from India that the ship could be used to spy on its ports and military bases.
The arrival of the Yuan Wang 5, an advanced satellite-tracking vessel, for an expected week-long stay in the Chinese-built port of Hambantota has raised tensions in the area.
Sri Lankan port workers hold a Chinese national flag to welcome Chinese research ship Yuan Wang 5 as it arrives in Hambantota, Sri Lanka.Credit:AP
India and China are fighting for influence in bankrupt Sri Lanka, while friction between Washington and Beijing continues over Chinese claims to democratically ruled Taiwan.
Foreign security analysts have described the Yuan Wang 5 as one of China’s most advanced space-tracking ships, used to monitor missile launches.
The Pentagon said the Yuan Wang-class ships are operated by the Strategic Support Force of the People’s Liberation Army, and in recent weeks, the Indian media has referred to the vessel as a “dual-use spy ship”.
Beijing were reportedly angry that the Sri Lankan foreign ministry initially granted permission for the ship to dock but then asked China to “defer” the visit in response to Indian and US objections.
Sri Lanka’s foreign ministry asked China to postpone the visit until further consultations took place.Credit:AP
Wang Wenbin, a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman, said it was “completely unjustified for certain countries to cite the so-called ‘security concerns’ to pressure Sri Lanka”.
According to Nikkei Asia newspaper, Beijing allegedly warned behind closed doors of possible economic ramifications linked to the restructuring of Sri Lanka’s debt, as well as ongoing talks for a $4 billion ($5.7 billion) aid package.
The country has faced economic and political collapse in recent months and is heavily dependent on both China and India for financial aid. It finally gave the green light to the survey vessel on Saturday, reportedly on condition that it would not carry out research in Sri Lankan waters.
India has rejected claims it pressured Sri Lanka to deny the vessel permission to dock, but New Delhi is concerned about China’s growing footprint on the island, which is heavily indebted to Beijing’s Belt and Road Initiative, in particular over loans it incurred building the Hambantota port.
India’s fears that China could use the port, near the main Asia-Europe shipping route, as a military base, are shared by the US and its allies.
Tensions between Washington and Beijing hit new heights earlier this month after Beijing carried out huge air and sea drills around Taiwan in a furious response to a visit by Nancy Pelosi, the house speaker, to Taipei.
The Chinese Communist Party claims Taiwan as its own territory even though it has never ruled there and its military fired multiple ballistic missiles into the waters around the island after Pelosi left – the first time it has done so since the mid-1990s.
Vice-Adml Karl Thomas, commander of the US Seventh Fleet, said: “It is very important that we contest this type of thing. I know that the gorilla in the room is launching missiles over Taiwan.
“If we just allow that to happen, and we don’t contest that, that will be the next norm.
“It’s irresponsible to launch missiles over Taiwan into international waters, where the shipping lanes, where free shipping operates.”
His comments came after China conducted military drills on Monday as another congressional delegation visited the island. Chinese state media ran footage of Taiwan’s Penghu islands reportedly taken from Chinese jets flying a short distance from the archipelago, which has a major Taiwanese airbase and is a popular holiday destination. Taiwan described the reports as “cognitive warfare”.
On the same day, the US said it had conducted a missile warning and a ballistic missile search and tracking drill with Japan and South Korea off the coast of Hawaii.
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