Diabetes expert reveals rise of cases in children during pandemic
Type 2 diabetes would seem benign were it not for the threat of rising blood sugar levels – the main sugar found in blood. It is an important source of energy and provides nutrients to the body but having too much of it can inflict damage on the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, thereby increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. When blood sugars become out of control a variety of symptoms may ensue including these four infections.
Having type 2 diabetes can weaken the immune system, making one more susceptible to illnesses.
As a result, you may have recurrent infections.
These can include:
- Vaginal infections
- Yeast infections
- Bladder infections
- Skin infections
When there’s too much sugar in your blood, white blood cells have difficulty traveling through the bloodstream which in turn lowers your body’s ability to fight infections.
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Vaginal and yeast infections
According to a 2014 study, women with type 2 diabetes may be at an even higher risk of vaginal yeast infection.
Yeast feeds off of sugar and if a person’s type 2 diabetes isn’t well-controlled, their blood sugar levels can spike to unreasonably high levels.
This increase in sugar can cause yeast to overgrow, particularly in the vaginal area.
Your body may develop a yeast infection in response.
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Diabetes-related urinary tract infections (UTIs) can affect the urethra, bladder, or kidneys.
Research shows these infections are more severe, more common, and have worse outcomes for people with type 2 diabetes.
They also may be caused by bacteria that are especially resistant to treatment.
Skin and fungal infections
Fungal infections, caused by the spread of fungus or yeast, are also common for all people with diabetes.
This is especially true if their blood glucose isn’t well-controlled.
Yeast infections look like areas of red, itchy, swollen skin that are surrounded by blistering or dry scales.
The scales are sometimes also covered with white discharge that resembles cottage cheese.
Yeast fungus thrives in the following areas:
In the warm folds of the skin
- Under the breasts
- In the groin
- In the armpits
- In the corners of the mouth
- Under the foreskin of the penis
There are two key components involved in lowering high blood sugar levels – a healthy diet and keeping active.
Take diet first. As a general rule, there’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.
Certain starchy foods can send blood sugar levels soaring so are best to be avoided and swapped out for less risky items.
As Diabetes UK explains, they all contain carbohydrate, which is broken down into glucose and used by our cells as fuel.
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